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ΤΟ ΣΥΓΧΡΟΝΟ
ΚΕΝΤΡΟ ΞΕΝΩΝ ΓΛΩΣΣΩΝ
ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΚΗ

ΚΟΡΔΕΛΙΟΥ 12
ΒΥΡΩΝΑΣ - ΑΘΗΝΑ
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UNIT 1

Key word transformations

 

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given. There is an example at the beginning.

 

0.        What type of film do you like best?

Favorite

What __is your favorite type__ of film?

    31.   I started work here six years ago, and I’m still here!

            Have

            I ___________________ six years.

    32.  I last saw him in December.

           Not

           I _________________ December.

    33.  I haven’t got any milk left- I must go and buy some.

           Run

            I _______________ milk- I must go and buy some.

    34. I do not want to appear on television.

          Part

          I _________________ television  programme..

35.            The actress donated a lot of money to charity.

Made

The actress ____________ to charity.

36.            I first met James in 1997.

Known

I _________________ 1997.

37.            I can’t remember a time when I wasn’t friends with Carrie.

As

I’ ve been friends with Carrie for ___________ can remember.

38.            I find films with lots of flashbacks very confusing.

Get

I ______________ films with lots of flashbacks.

39.            I last went on holiday three years ago.

Been

I haven’t _____________ three years.

  40.   They don’t know yet how many stuntmen there will be in the film.

          Found

          They ________________ how many stuntmen there will be in the film yet.

  

 

Word formation

   

 

    For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the  

    end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is 

    an example at the beginning. 

 

Example: 0. transformation

 

 

                     CHANGES TO FILM MAKING

 

 

Film- making is undergoing a major 0)______, as films produced in TRANSFORM

Hollywood and elsewhere go digital. Film-makers are using 1)___TECHNOLOGY

advances to make the change from using 3)_____ film cameras to  TRADITION

digital ones. And that means that cinemas are also making 3)____ PREPARE

for the change to digital, and some have invested in special 4)____ PROJECT

to show old movies scanned from film. One benefit of digital movies is

that, unlike film, they can be shown 5)______ without losing quality. REPEAT

Another 6)______ is that they can be sent out by satellite which is      IMPROVE

cheaper for the studios. On the other hand there are also some 7)___ADVANTAGE

It is very easy to copy this these films, and it is the fear of 8)______ LEGAL

copying that has so far prevented the 9)_______ of many films in  DISTRIBUTE

this way. Nevertheless, film- makers know that the digital 10)______REVOLVE

is here to stay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT 2

Key word transformations

 

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

 

31 Which part of the film frightened you more than the rest?

     Most

     Which ________________ of the film for you?

32. I found the instruction manual very confusing.

      By

      I ______________ the instruction manual.

33. The game wasn’t as exciting as this last week.

      Less

      The game ____________ last week.

34. I prefer skiing to snowboarding in Italy.

      Rather

      I’d __________ in Italy.

35. Very few mountains in the world are as high as K2.

      The

      K2 is ____________ mountains in the world.

36. I get embarrassed when people praise me.

      It

      I think __________ when people praise me.

37. My sister is too young to go hang- gliding on her own.

      Not

      My sister is ___________ to go hang- gliding on her own.

38. I find sport less interesting

      Is

       My brother ___________ than I am.

39.Please don’t do anything dangerous when you are on the mountain!

   Risks

  Please don’t ____________ when you are on the mountain!

40.Thousands of athletes run the London marathon every year.

  Take

   Thousands of athletes ______________ the London marathon every year.

 

 

 

 

 

Word formation

   

 

    For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the  

    end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is 

    an example at the beginning. 

 

 

 

                             THE DESIGN OF TENNIS BALLS

0: popularity

 

Tennis was first played in France in the 13th century, but its 0)____ POPULAR

slowly extended to other countries. It is 1)____ that at first the         INTEREST

game was played indoors with leather balls, and this situation

remained  2)______ until the 19th century when the balls were     CHANGE

adapted for play outside. 3)______, nowadays it is not only a      SURPRISE

player’s own 4)_____ that can affect how well they play tennis.  ABLE

5)_______ it can also depend on the type of balls they use. The   APPARENT

6)_______ for this is that the balls are now designed by scientists EXPLAIN

who make them so that they meet all the 7)______ of today’s      REQUIRE

8)_____ players. These balls are adapted for play on a                 PROFESSION

9)______ of different surfaces, from clay to grass, and the players  VARY

can hit them 10)______ hard so that they go across the net            INCREDIBLE

extremely fast. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT 3

 

  Key word transformations

 

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given

 

31. I really dislike people who think they are better than everyone else.

      Look

      I really dislike people who _________ everyone else.

32. What kind of weather is Hong Kong having this weekend?

      Like

      What ____________ in Hong Kong this weekend?

33. Do you want to go  out for a walk?

      Feel

      Do you __________ for a walk?

34. His teacher has a very high opinion of his abilities.

      Thinks

      His teacher __________ of his abilities.

35. I think the film will probably be very successful.

      Highly

      I think it’s __________ the film will be very successful.

36. He never discovered who had written the story.

      Out

      He never __________ who had written the story.

37. Maria hadn’t finished working by ten o’ clock.

      Still

      Maria _____________ ten o’ clock.

38. I’ve always considered Susie a really good friend.

      Thought

       I’ve always ___________ a really good friend.

39.Don’t drive so fast because this road is dangerous.

More

Please drive ___________ this dangerous road.

40.The police are investigating what caused the accident.

     Into

     The police _______________ what caused the accident.

 

 

 

 

 

Word formation

   

 

    For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the  

    end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is 

    an example at the beginning. 

 

                       

 

                        WHY I LIKE READING

 

I read a lot of books, and for a 0) variety  of reasons I’d rather read than  VARY

watch television or go to the cinema. 1)_____, I like reading because      MOST

I can make my own 2)_____ about what the characters in the books        DECIDE

look and sound like, and my 3)______ aren’t affected by seeing             IMPRESS

actors playing them. I think that my 4)______ is for science fiction,       PREFER

because then I can really use my 5)_______ a lot. The stories are           IMAGINE

totally 6)_______ from any normal situation you find in your own         DIFFER

everyday life, and yet the 7)_____ of the people in them are often          DESCRIBE

very 8)______. After all, just because the characters in the story are in   REAL

9)_______ situations doesn’t mean that they are strange people as well   USUAL

I try to read a book a week, and reading gives me a lot of 10)_____.        PLEASE  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT 4

 

  Key word transformations

 

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

 

1.        This will be the end of my sixth week here on Friday.

Have

By Friday _________________ six weeks.

2.        I am very good at cooking.

Talent

I _________________ cooking.

    3. Susan is always totally reliable.

        Rely

        I know I ________________ Susan.

    4. Jamie started to cook when he was a child.

        Since

        Jamie ___________________ he was a child.

    5. Our house is built of stone.

        Build

        They used _____________ our house.

    6. I’ve got some money on me, but not much.

        Little

        I only ________________ on me.

   7. I want to maintain contact with all my school friends.

       Touch

       I want to _______________ all my school friends.

   8. I think that chocolate may be one of my allergies!

       To

       I think that I _______________ chocolate!

   9. I love eating sweets, although they are bad for my teeth.

       Spite

       I love eating sweets, __________________ that they are bad for my teeth.

  10. There aren’t many people at the concert.

        Only

        There  __________________ people at the concert.

 

 

 Word formation

   

 

    For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the  

    end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is 

    an example at the beginning. 

 

 

                                KEEPING FIT

 

Nowadays most people understand the 0) importance  of keeping fit, IMPORTANT

and the 1)________ some people have in taking regular exercise.      DIFFICULT

After spending the whole day in an office, sitting 2)_____ in front     MOBILE

of a computer screen, people 3)______ have to make an effort to        REAL

go to a gym in the evening. But it is 4)______ to take some form of   NECESSITY

exercise if people want to stay both fit and 5)_____. Because of this,   HEALTH

leisure centers have become big business, and they provide

6)______ environments where everyone can not only exercise           PLEASE

but  socialize as well. Children have 7)______ physical education     COMPEL

lessons at school, so that 8)______ they will continue exercise         HOPE

when they are adults and avoid putting on too much 9)______  .       WEIGH

And 10)_______ people who are fit are also happier than those who APPARENT

are not!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT 5

 

 Key word transformations

 

For questions 31-40, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

 

1)       ‘ Will you lend me the car, Dad?’ asked Jules.

       Borrow

       Jules asked his father ___________ the car.

2)       ‘ I’m sorry I was late,’ said Peter.

       Apologized

       Peter _________________ late.

3)       They don’t know how much it costs yet.

Out

They ________________ how much it costs yet.

4)       Karen is the most helpful person I know.

As

     No-one else ______________ Karen.

5)       ‘ I’m not going to tell you the answer!’ he told her.

Refused

He ________________ the answer.

6)       They said they found his attitude very upsetting.

Been

     They said they ____________ his attitude.

7)       You need both money and fame to be a celebrity.

Well

     Being a celebrity depends ____________ fame.

8)       ‘ It’s the best chocolate in the world,’ said the sponsor

Claimed

The sponsor ______________ the best chocolate in the world.

9)       ‘ Don’t open your present until you get home,’ Jorge told Peter.

Not

Jorge told Peter ________________ until he got home.

10)    I’d like to visit Africa.

Appeals

The idea of ______________ me.

 

 

 

 

Word formation

   

 

    For questions 56-65, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the  

    end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line. There is 

    an example at the beginning

 

 

             THE DANGERS OF BREAKFAST CEREAL

 

There may have to be some 0) restrictions on the advertising of         RESTRICT

some breakfast cereals on television, because research has shown

that some cereals 1)_______ contain more sugar than biscuits            ACTUAL

or cake, despite their healthy image. One of the 2)_____ is                 DIFFICULT

that 3)_______ for such cereals are often broadcast during                 ADVERTISE

children’s programmes. Exerts have worried about the effects of

4)________ junk food for a long time, but many now feel that           HEALTH

cereals pose a 5)_________ danger. They fear that if children            HIDE

eat too many sugary cereals they could get fat. One 6)______            SOLVE

to the problem could be to establish dietary regulations for the

7)______ themselves, then ban advertising for cereals containing      PRODUCE

too much sugar, salt, or fat until the 8)_____ changes the product MANUFACTURE

Once it meets the necessary 9)_______ the makers would be allowed  REQUIRE

to start advertising again. This would make it easier for 10)_____        CONSUME

to know what they were buying.